Evénement > the Ancient Jewish Cemetery

THE ANCIENT JEWISH CEMETERY Guided Tour to the Ancient Jewish Cemetery of the Lido In 1386 the Republic of Venice gave the Jews the possibility to make a cemetery giving them a wasteland in St. Nicholas in the Lido, whose property was claimed by the Monastery of St. Nicholas. Once ended the dispute with the friars the cemetery had been utilized without interruption since 1389 reaching its climax in 1641.
After this date,  the expansion of the fortification system of the Lido wanted by the Republic of Venice to defend against the Turks, brought to a slow but steady resize of the cemetery southbound so that in 1736 the “university of Jews” bought a neighboring property.
 
The fall of the Republic of Venice, the foreign occupations and their related vandalism, as well as weathering brought to the disappearance of many monuments and to the deterioration of the Jewish cemetery. 
During the 19th century, because of the recovery plan of the Lido of Venice, some part of the cemetery (now State property) was expropriated and destined to other uses.
Shortly after some recovery attempts started, unsuccessfully in 1938 (promulgation of the Racial Laws in Italy) and the cemetery was definitely abandoned
In 1999, thanks to the competition of public and private resources, both from Italy and abroad among which Save Venice Inc. and Steven and Alida Brill Scheuer Foundation, a complex work of recovery has started: many tombstones have been retrieved and more than 1000 dated from 1550 and the early 18th century cataloged.
Nowadays this charming place, a testimony of centuries of Jewish Venetian History, has regained its own dignity.
 


INFORMATIONS OPERATIONNELLES SUPPLEMENTAIRES
The guided tour to the ancient Jewish Cemetery of the Lido lasts 1:30 h about and costs 80€ plus the single tickets: 10€ (full price), 8 € for children and students until the age of 26 and groups over 20 people, members of Italian Tourism Association, members of Fai (Italian Heritage Fund), member of Coop and of ICOM, journalists), 7€ for the Venice City Pass (“Venezia Unica”) holders.
Only in the case that people in the group are more than 20 the cost will be only the one of reduced tickets (with no 80€).
The guided tour can be performed, with a previous booking in Italian, English, French, and Hebrew
and can be effected from Sunday to Friday from April to September.
  • Antico cimitero ebraico del Lido di Venezia
    Venezia (VE)

MUSEO EBRAICO VENEZIA


In the New Ghetto Square, among the most ancient Venetian synagogues, the Jewish Museum has sprung out since 1954.The museum exhibits books and manuscripts and objects used in the most important moments in the cycle of Jewish life in the new exhibition area the museum tells the history of the Jews in Venice. The guided tour to the synagogues completes the visit to the Ancient Ghetto
Contacts des entreprises
Campo di Ghetto novo, Cannaregio 2902/b
30121 - Venezia (VE)
+39 041 715359 www.museoebraico.it
Informations supplémentaires
In the New Ghetto Square, among the most ancient Venetian synagogues, the Jewish Museum has sprung out since 1954.
The esteemed exhibits, beyond being important examples of goldsmith and textile manufacture dating between the 16th and the 19th centuries, are a testimony of the alive Jewish tradition
 
The Jewish Museum of Venice is not simply a closed exhibition space but a widespread museum, an urban, architectural and museum complex unique for its specificity. 
All the premises of the ghetto can be, as a matter of fact, considered as an experiential museum:  the same morphology of the place shows clearly the life conditions of the Jews forced to live in an islet whose very high houses, divided into floor lower than the standard, tell the problem of an overcrowding also highlighted by the high number of water-wells.
 
You cannot pull over, anyway the soul of the Jewish quarter, established by the Republic of Venice in 1516, if not leaving from the synagogues, or “Schole” built between the first quarter of 16th century and mid 17th century by the different ethnic groups after been settled permanently in the city and had been granted guarantees on freedom of religion.
The German and Canton Schola, according to the Ashkenazi Rite, the Italian Schola according to the Italian Rite and the Levantine and Spanish Schole according to the Sephardic Rite hence arose.Remained intact  over time, even with some later interventions,, such synagogues testify  the importance and the  vitality of the Venetian ghetto.. 
The synagogues of the New Ghetto are on the top of the pre-existing buildings and are hardly recognizable from outside, while inside they reveal themselves as small concentrated jewels inviting people to reflection. They can be visited thanks to some guides taking visitors to the German Synagogue, the Canton Synagogue, and the Italian Synagogue (on request) and according the periods of the year the Levantine or the Spanish Synagogue.  
Inside the Jewish Museum we can find “Aleph” The Museum Bookshop and a Kosher Cafeteria. "Aleph" is a small but decent bookshop specialized in judaica, one of the kinds in all North- Italian area. With almost 5000 books present it represents an inescapable reference for students, teachers, and scholars and in general all the people interested to know or to deepen the different aspect of Judaism.
In the Kosher Cafeteria it is possible to taste some Judean-Venetian delis, a fruit of the cuisine tradition, coming both from the Mediterranean Sea and the Venetian Hinterland
The Museum staff suggests guided tours to the synagogues and to the museum and offers the visitors an intense educational activity addressed to school children, to the families and to adults. The activities twist along the different places of the Ghetto and can include an intense workshop activity inside the educational room of the museum
Such a quick reading of the most important places of the ghetto wants to be a urge to visit the place where the Most Serene Republic has wanted to relegate the Jews for at least two centuries to discover with one’s own eyes the Jewish places of devotion and to meet a still very much alive reality which can be a source for further reflections
The Ghetto of Venice with its synagogues and the Museum is an inescapable stage of the discovery of the places in the City, testimony of its social and religious problems, along the centuries and guardian of an ancient faith and tradition.
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